jeudi 17 mai 2018

Un puits médiéval mis au jour à Poitiers

A l'occasion de fouilles préventives dans le centre historique, un puits a été découvert. Confirmation en creux de l'utilisation d'une rivière souterraine dans le plateau de Poitiers par les habitants du XIVe siècle. 

Par: Marie-Ange Cristofari
Publié le: 15/05/2018
Sur: France 3 Régions

Dans le cadre de la modernisation du réseau de transport public, Poitiers est en chantier. Parmi les zones explorées, la rue des vieilles boucheries, comme son nom le laisse supposer, elle abritait ce type d'activité, et ce depuis le Moyen-Âge.

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Médiévalement Vôtre
Marc Daviau
AK Xabert dît l'Ours d'Avioth

mardi 15 mai 2018


The History News of the Week:
- Who First Domesticated Horses?
- Did Leprosy Originate in Europe?

Posted By: Daryl Worthington
Posted date: May 14, 2018
in: Breaking News

The biggest history news stories of the last seven days, including a new theory into the mystery of when horses were first domesticated, and claims that leprosy could have originated in Europe.

Answered: Who First Domesticated Horses?

A new study claims that horses were first domesticated by descendants of hunter-gatherer groups in Kazakhstan.

Exactly when, where and who first domesticated horses is shrouded in mystery. A popular theory is that it was the Yamnaya culture (3300 BC–2600 BCE), yet the new research is dispelling this idea.

“The successful spread of the Indo-European languages across Eurasia has puzzled researchers for a century. It was thought that speakers of this language family played a key role in the domestication of the horse, and that this, in combination with the development of wheeled vehicles, allowed them to spread across Eurasia from the Yamnaya culture,” explained Dr. Guus Kroonen, historical linguist at University of Copenhagen, in a press release.

In the new study, published in the journal Science, it is shown that in fact horses were already being used by the Botai people 5,500 years ago, and much further east in Central Asia, completely independent of the Yamnaya pastoralists.

An inter-disciplinary team analysed ancient and modern DNA samples from humans and compared the results – the 74 ancient whole-genome sequences studied by the group were up to 11,000 years old and were from Inner Asia and Turkey. The results found no genetic link between the Yamnaya and Botai.

Intriguingly, the Botai were eventually pushed out of the central steppe region by migrations from the west. The Botai horses were also replaced, suggesting domestication of horses had already occurred elsewhere.

“We now know that the people who first domesticated the horse in Central Asia were the descendants of ice age hunters, who went on to become the earliest pastoralists in the region,” stated Professor Alan Outram from the Department of Archaeology at the University of Exeter

“Despite their local innovations, these peoples were overrun and replaced by European steppe pastoralists in the middle and later Bronze Age, and their horses were replaced too.”

Did Leprosy Originate in Europe?

Leprosy may have originated in Europe, innovative new research is claiming.

The study by the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, the University of Tübingen, EPFL Lausanne and the University of Zurich sequenced 10 new ancient genomes from the leprosy causing bacterium Mycobacterium leprae. This included the oldest leprosy genome sequenced to date, from around 400CE in the UK.

The results have shown there was much more diversity in Medieval European strains of leprosy than previously thought.

90 sets of remains with skeletal deformations characteristic of leprosy from across Europe were studied, dating from 400CE to 1400CE. Previous research on the bacterium suggested that it clusters into several strains, only two of which had been present in Medieval Europe.

However, the scientists found strains from Medieval Europe that are traditionally associated with locations such as Africa, Asia and the Americas. At the same time, multiple strains were also often detected in a single cemetery, giving an insight into the diversity of the disease.

“We found much more genetic diversity in ancient Europe than expected,” explains Johannes Krause, senior author of the study and a director at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

“Additionally, we found that all known strains of leprosy are present in Medieval Europe, suggesting that leprosy may already have been widespread throughout Asia and Europe in antiquity or that it might have originated western Eurasia.”

Interestingly, the results add growing support to the idea that the squirrel fur trade played a role in the spread of leprosy. The oldest leprosy genome sequenced in the study, from Great Chesterford, England, is the same strain found in modern day red squirrels.

“The dynamics of M. leprae transmission throughout human history are not fully resolved. Characterisation and geographic association of the most ancestral strains are crucial for deciphering leprosy’s exact origin” states lead author Verena Schuenemann of the University of Zurich. “While we have some written records of leprosy cases that predate the Common Era, none of these have yet been confirmed on a molecular level.”

The research has been published in the journal PLOS Pathogens.


Médiévalement Vôtre
Marc Daviau
AK Xabert dît l'Ours d'Avioth

vendredi 11 mai 2018

What's in a name? Do you ever sign your name in your books?

Digitised Manuscripts
10 MAY 2018

What's in a name?

Do you ever sign your name in your books? Is that something you did as a child (as I used to do in my Mr Men books) or is it a habit you've carried over into adulthood? Do you ever inscribe your books in case you lend them, or do you date them as a record of when they were acquired?

One person who regularly signed his books was the politician and antiquary, Sir Robert Cotton (1571–1631). Cotton's library of manuscripts was presented to the British nation upon the death of his grandson, John, in 1702, and it now resides at the British Library. Among its many treasures are two copies of Magna Carta as issued by King John in 1215, the sole surviving medieval manuscript of Beowulf, and the state papers of the Tudor monarchs.

I am particularly keen to learn more about how and when Cotton obtained his manuscripts. Much pioneering work on this topic was done by Colin Tite, who died last year, as recorded in his The Manuscript Library of Sir Robert Cotton: The Panizzi Lectures, 1993 (London, 1994), and The Early Records of Sir Robert Cotton's Library: Formation, Cataloguing, Use (London, 2003). Among the evidence for the gradual growth of Robert Cotton's library are the various catalogues compiled during and after his lifetime, his correspondence with other scholars, and the manuscripts themselves. I hope in time to be able to collate all this information. Below are some examples of Cotton's dated signature, starting in 1588 when he was aged just 17, and encompassing manuscripts such as the magnificent Vespasian Psalter, dated in 1599.

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Médiévalement Vôtre
Marc Daviau
AK Xabert dît l'Ours d'Avioth

mardi 8 mai 2018


Salutation bonne gences!!!

J'ai quelques question pour vous
1- Allez-vous dans des festivals médiéval??
2- ci oui combien et leur nom?
3- vous vous attendez a voir quoi?
4- entrée payante ou pas?
5- vous iriez a une messe médiéval en latin en costume?


Médiévalement Vôtre
Marc Daviau
AK Xabert dît l'Ours d'Avioth

lundi 7 mai 2018

The History News of the Week

Posted By: Daryl Worthington
May 07, 2018
In: Breaking News

The cause of Saladin’s death
No secret rooms in Tutankhamun’s tomb
Proof of the Kingdom of David and Solomon

The biggest history news stories of the last seven days, including a new theory on the cause of Saladin’s death, an announcement that concrete proof has been found that there are new secret rooms in Tutankhamun’s tomb, and new research which claims to have unearthed proof of the Kingdom of David and Solomon.

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Médiévalement Vôtre
Marc Daviau
AK Xabert dît l'Ours d'Avioth

Des championnes de combat médiéval - Les Québécoises veulent défendre leur titre

Journal De Montréal
Samedi, 5 mai 2018

TROIS-RIVIÈRES | Cinq Québécoises tenteront de défendre leur titre de championnes du monde de combat médiéval en donnant des coups de hache et d’épée.

Les femmes de l’équipe québécoise de combat médiéval adorent porter des armures en métal qui pèsent 50 livres tout en donnant et recevant des coups de hache et d’épée.

« Ça défoule de taper sur des gens. En plus, c’est des adultes consentants et protégés, alors c’est merveilleux », dit en riant Fanny Roux-Fouillet, de l’Akimera, nom de l’équipe

les membres de l'équipe: Marie-Pier Garant, Fanny Roux-Fouillet, Bénédicte Robitaille et Gabrielle Bergeron.

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Médiévalement Vôtre
Marc Daviau
AK Xabert dît l'Ours d'Avioth

lundi 30 avril 2018

Human Stride Older than Thought – The History News of the Week


Posted By: Daryl WorthingtonPosted date: April 30, 2018in: Breaking News

The biggest history news of the last seven days, including a rethink on the evolution of the human stride, an answer to the origin of some ancient treasure, and a look at the world’s oldest peace treaty.

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Médiévalement Vôtre
Marc Daviau
AK Xabert dît l'Ours d'Avioth

vendredi 27 avril 2018

Un Perrotois défendra les couleurs du Canada à Rome en combat médiéval

Publié par Stéphane Fortier
Date : 27 avril 2018Dans : À la Une, Actualité

Dominic Patry-Sauvé, un solide gaillard de L’ïle-Perrot, se rendra à Rome pour le Championnat du Monde Battle of the Nations de la Historical Medieval Battle (HMB) qui débute le 3 mai.

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Médiévalement Vôtre
Marc Daviau
AK Xabert dît l'Ours d'Avioth